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Origin of Jujitsu and Jujitsu Techniques  
Jujitsu
Jujitsu
Jujitsu is an example of Japanese martial arts that deals with unarmed and armed techniques. Jujitsu means 'art of softness' or 'way of yielding'. Jujitsu was used by the Japanese as a method for defeating an armed and armored opponent without weapons. Because of ineffectiveness of striking against an armored opponent, the most efficient methods for neutralizing an enemy took the form of joint locks, pins, and throws.

Japanese Jujitsu systems were described as a typically place that emphasizes more on throwing, immobilizing and pinning, joint-locking, choking, and strangling techniques as compared with other martial arts systems such as karate. Atemi-waza, also known as the striking technique, was seen as less important in older Japanese systems since samurai body armor protected against many striking techniques. The Chinese quanfa/ch'uan-fa or kenpo/kung fu systems focuses on punching, striking, and kicking more than Jujitsu does.

It was developed all the way through with the help of the samurai. The first references to unarmed combat art were in the earliest historical records of Japan, it is Kojiki, which means “Record of Ancient Matters”. And the Nihon Shoki, which means “Chronicles of Japan”.

The word Jujitsu became a blanket term after 17th century. That time, these skills had names: kogusoku koshi no mawari which means “short sword grappling”; kumiuchi means "grappling"; taijutsu means "body art"; yawara means "softness"; wajutsu means "art of harmony"; torite means "catching hand"; and even judo which means "way of softness". Early 17th century, almost two centuries before Kano Jigoro founded the modern art of Kodokan Judo.

There were Jujitsu schools called “ryu” that utilize all forms of grappling techniques to some degree include throwing, trapping, joint locking, holds, gouging, biting, disengagements, striking, and kicking. There are also schools taught without the use of weapons. By circa 1600 AD, there were over 2000 ryu of Jujitsu in Japan and there were common features that characterized them. The technical distinctiveness varied from school to school. Many of the generalizations do not hold true for some schools of Jujitsu. Old schools of Japanese Jujitsu including: Araki-ryu; Daito-ryu aiki-Jujitsu; Hontai Yoshin-ryu; Kashima Shin-ryu; Kukishin-ryu; Kyushin Ryu; Sekiguchi Shinshin-ryu; Sosuishitsu-ryu; Takenouchi-ryu; Tatsumi-ryu; Tenjin Shinyo-ryu; Yagyu Shingan Ryu; Yoshin Ryu

As a “soft” art, generally, Jujitsu systems employ the principle of balance, momentum to overcome opponents and leverage. In contrast with “hard” systems like karate or tae kwan do that emphasizes developing power, strength, and speed.

Ryu’s students must learn traditional Jujitsu primarily by observation and imitation of the ryu's waza. Joint-locking techniques were emphasized by most of the unarmed waza. The defender's body is positioned so as to take optimal advantage of the attacker's weaknesses while presenting few openings or weaknesses of its own. Samurai training was to train how to use weapons. Koryu is an old or a classic schools typically include the use of weapons.

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