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Hapkido Martial Art Techniques  
Hapkido is a martial art of undivided self defense. It is also a strong test of discipline as it requires coordination and a strong mind and body. It also is important to attain the union of the physical and metal capabilities to become a complete human being.

Hapkido plainly connotes “the way (DO) for the coordination (HAP) of mental energy (KI). Its accounts can be pinned down as far the old Korea. However, there is no clear record as to where do really Hapkido started. Both Koreans and Japanese claim to be the pioneers of Hapkido. The confusion is created by that fact that though Hapkido originated in Korea, Japanese argue the martial was created due to their influence. The case can be viewed as in the case of an analogous martial art, aikido. Aikido first started in Japan, and the characters in its name are almost similar with Hapkido.

It is presumed that Hapkido is formulated by Choi Sung Yul in the 1940’s. However, Choi Sung Yul was not the only who developed the whole idea. Many of Choi Sung Yul; students had their contributions to the martial art. Hapkido evolved trough the years into the martial art largely known at present.

As a martial art, Hapkido dwell on these three principles:

  • 1. The circle principle. The movements in Hapkido are round. Fighter also move within a a bal. Through this principle, it is believed that interfering forces are directed form the outside to the surface where it will be neutralized.
  • 2. Principle of river. A Hapkidoka, or someone who studies or performs Hapkido, should be able to react sensitive this enemies. It also enables a Hapkidoka to release stored “ki” in crucial situations. This is associated with a river that can easily adapt to changing landscape but can also unleash great strength.
  • 3. Principle of influence. Hapkido makes uses of lighting movements. These are hardly recognizable techniques which a hapkidoka can use in line with another technique.
In Korea, Hapkido is treated as a “soft” type of Martial Art. Contrary to “hard” styles of Martial Art, Hapkido does not involve the use of force versus force. A Hapkido fight is not based entirely non size and strength. Rather, a Hapkidoka finds a way to stifle his opponent’s gush of energy in a passive manner. The opponent’s power will then be used against himself, eventually leading to his loss. The Hapkido performer applies pressure on particular certain joints and pressure points, thus, there is no need for too much exerted strength.

Hapkido is an effective means of total physical conditioning. It helps in developing a person’s sense of balance, timing, agility, muscle tone, posture, body strength, and most of all, confidence by proper physical and mental conditioning. Hapkido’s primary concern is not only the wellbeing of its practitioners but also on how to develop a proper character.

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